In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the dispenser of grace, all praise is due to Allah alone the lord of all the worlds, Peace and prayers be upon His final prophet and messenger.

Ramdan ul Mubarik is dignified month in the lunar calendar; each month of the lunar calendar follows a cycle of either twenty nine or thirty days, beginning when the new crescent moon is sighted at sun set on the western horizon. The one significant difference between the lunar and the solar calendar is that the lunar year being ten or eleven days shorter than the solar year has the effect the over time the Islamic months move back through the seasons, from summer through spring to winter than autumn and back to summer again over a period of approximately thirty four years.


The months of the Islamic year are:

1. Muharram                            * the sacred month

2. Safar                                    * the month that is void

3. Rabi’al Awwal                      * the first spring

4. Rabi’ath-Thani                      * the second spring

5. Jumadal-Ula                          * the first month of dryness

6. Jamadath-Thaniyyah              * the second month of dryness

7. Rajab                                    * the revered month

8. Sha’ban                                * the month of division

9. Ramadan                              * the month of intense heat

10. Shawwal                            * the month of hunting

11. Dhul-Qa’dah                      * the month of rest

12. Dhul-Hajjah                        * the month of pilgrimage


Why Ramadan is important? Ramadan is a special and blessed month for Muslims. It was the month in which the revelations of the Qur’an descended from ALLAH, through Jibra’il (the Angel of Revelation). To the Prophet Muhammad becoming a Prophet and Messenger, it should also be our starting point to become upholders and followers of the message of Islam. The essence of this month is one’s changing to become a better person who remains conscious of ALLAH throughout his or her life. Just as the moon changes and is never the same on any day of the fast, we should also change for the better as each day goes by. We should transform ourselves into beacons that clearly illuminate the true teachings of the Qur’an for all to see and help direct humanity out of the depths of darkness onto the path of righteousness.


To be a Muslim is to be a representative of Islam. It is not easy to live up to this responsibility. It requires a lot of sincerity, patience, sacrifice and self-discipline. Ramadan plays a central role in developing and purifying our characters so that we can become sincere servants of ALLAH. Ramadan is usually described as a training ground for the remaining eleven months of the year, and those eleven months of the year are a preparation for this blessed month. Therefore, the whole year becomes centred on Ramadan.

Regarding this month Qur’an states:


 The month of Ramadan is the one in which the Qur‘an was revealed as guidance for mankind, and as clear signs that show the right way and distinguish between right and wrong. So those of you who witness the month must fast in it. But the one who is sick, or is on a journey (should fast) as much from other days (as he missed). Allah intends (to provide) ease for you and does not intend (to create) hardship for you. All this is so that you may complete the number (of fasts as prescribed) and proclaim the Takbir of Allah for having guided you, and (so) that you may be grateful.

Why this month is so scared in the light of Qur’an & Sunnah. Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic year. It is the month of fasting and the month in which the Qur’an was revealed. It was so named because it originally fell in the height of summer with days of intense heat. Ramadan is derived from the Arabic verb ramad, which literally means to bake a sheep in its skin. Similarly, the fasting person living in the hot desert undergoes the sensations of burning in his stomach form the extreme thirst caused by the intense heat of the desert. In the same way, Muslims who fast are slowly burning away their sins.


 Dr Hussain Muhammad Qureshi

Assistant Professor/Chairman
Department of Islamic Studies and Research,
University of Science and Technology Bannu.
Cell: 0346-8114447



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